cream of the crate: album  review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965

cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965


  This review was originally posted on the first Toorak Times web site where publications ceased on that site in March 2017. The old site will be permanently closed in 2020 and these reviews are being re-published in order to preserve them on the current Toorak Times/Tagg site.


"One of the most prolific and widely heard bass guitarists, playing on an estimated 10,000 recordings in a career spanning over 50 years" - (Wikipedia) .. .. .. "The thing that really made me sit up and take notice was the bass lines." - (Paul McCartney talking of Carol K's bass playing on Pet Sounds) .. .. .. "In the world of bass guitar, Carol Kaye is a legend." - (Guitar World 2016) .. .. .. "This woman is, putting it bluntly, damn red hot and fabulous on both guitar and bass guitar." - (This review)

This is album retro-review number 191 in the series of retro-reviews of both vinyl and Cd albums in my collection.

The series is called
“Cream of The Crate” and each review represents an album that I believe is of significant musical value, either because of it’s rarity, because it represents the best of a style or styles of music or because there is something unique about the group or the music.

Links to the previous 150 reviews can be found at the bottom of this review.

The music world has always been underrepresented by women, and, those that are in the industry have to struggle for recognition. The when you hear the capabilities of great women musicians you are left wondering why is it, that they have to struggle to be heard.

Until a few years ago I was totally unaware of this woman, even though, unbeknown to me, I had heard her playing on so many tracks by so many artists.

She is, putting it bluntly, damn red hot and fabulous on both guitar and bass guitar!

cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965
CD label – [CLICK to enlarge]
Her name is Carol Kaye and her group is the Hitmen, and this is a CD album and is titled – Guitars 1965.

It was released by Carol on their own label in 1995 and re-released in 2004 andhas 17 tracks, 16 of them music tracks, and one demonstration/talk track.

Now before talking about carol and her music and this album, i need to do a small deviation.

There is available a CD titled “California Creamin'” by Carol K and the Hitmen and it has exactly the same tracks. However, this is a bootleg that was released out of Germany. I contacted Carol and she confirmed this and that she told me she was receiving no royalties at all.

If you come across this bootleg I urge you not to buy it, but to buy directly from Carol so that all the money goes to her, as the artist. That money should NOT be going to bootleggers.

cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965
Do NOT buy this bootleg release

cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965
Do NOT buy this bootleg release

Further, the quality of the music on the bootleg is seriously pathetic (I did have a copy before I burnt it), and some of the tracks don’t even finish correctly. They have abrupt (incomplete) endings.

There are many noteworthy things about Carol K. She is highly gifted, she has been playing across 6 decades, she has played with the most amazing muso’s and yet, she is still relatively unknown.

Her birth name is Carol Kaye and she was born on March 24, 1935 in Everett, Washington to musician parents, Clyde and Dot Smith, both professionals.

She has played and taught guitar professionally since 1949, played bebop jazz guitar in dozens of nightclubs around Los Angeles with top groups, working in Bob Neal’s jazz group with Jack Sheldon backing Lenny Bruce, with Teddy Edwards, Billy Higgins and with so many others.

She accidentally got into studio work late 1957 with the Sam Cooke recordings and other big recordings on guitar for her first 5 years of studio work in Hollywood.

cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965
A young Carol Kaye – [CLICK to enlarge]


Throughout the 1950s, Kaye played bebop jazz guitar in dozens of nightclubs around Los Angeles with many noted bands including, as previously indicated, Bob Neal’s jazz group among others.

By her own account, she got into lucrative studio work “accidentally” in late 1957 with Sam Cooke when a bass player failed to show for a session at Capitol Records in Hollywood.

She was asked to fill in on what was then often called the Fender bass and immediately became a member of The Wrecking Crew.

cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965
Carol Kaye with The Wrecking Crew [The Clique)


The Wrecking Crew was a nickname coined by drummer Hal Blaine as recently as the 1990’s. It referred to a group of studio and session musicians that played anonymously on many records in Los Angeles, California during the 1960s.

However according to Carol their real name was “The Clique”.

In her words, it seems like the name “Wrecking Crew” was given by someone she associated with, who had a big ego and wouldn’t listen to what the others wanted.

In fact the “clique/crew” backed dozens of popular singers, and were one of the most successful groups of studio musicians in music history.

Members included Glen Campbell, Barney Kessel, James Burton,Leon Russell, Mac Rebennack (aka Dr. John), Carol Kaye, Jim Keltner, Jack Nitzsche and many many others.

So, in 1963 when that Fender bassist didn’t show up for a record date at Capitol Records, she picked up the Fender bass and augmented her busy schedule by playing bass.

Carol grew quickly to be the number one call with record companies, movie & TV film people, commercials, and industrial films.

She enjoyed working under the direction of Michel LeGrand, Quincy Jones, Elmer Bernstein, Lalo Schifrin, David Rose, David Grusin, Ernie Freeman, Hugo Montenegro, Leonard Rosenman, John Williams, Alfred & Lionel Newman, and many other big name producers.

She played bass on the numerous hits for hundreds of recording artists.

cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965
In session – [CLICK to enlarge]


Of this period she said, “I was raised by musician-parents and just sort of grew up around music, we were poor, but when music was played, you had a sparkle in your life.

And the sparkle is still there years later after all the recording we did, for when you turn on the radio, there are all my fellow musicians. I grew fond of so many, we were all in it together, pulling together for a hit, and loved to groove together. The looks, the feel of the music, the inside quick joke, it was a warm feeling.

In fact Throughout the 1960s, while at the time unknown to the public, Kaye played bass on a substantial number of records that appeared on the Billboard Hot 100.

By some estimates, she played on 10,000 recording sessions. Kaye actually played bass on many of the Beach Boys hit recordings, including “Help Me, Rhonda“, “Sloop John B“, and “California Girls“.

Carol worked on Brian Wilson‘s ill-fated but legendary Smile project. She was also present at the “Fire” session in late November 1966, when Wilson reportedly asked the studio musicians to wear toy fire hats.

Her work also appears extensively on well-known television and film soundtracks from the 1960s and early 1970s.

cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965
Laying down a bass line at a Beach Boys session – [CLICK to enlarge]


She also played 12-string guitar on Frank Zappa‘s album Freak Out!.

Following on from that she did contribute to a few songs for his next album but declined to continue, saying she found some of the lyrics offensive.

Kaye later said Zappa was good-natured and understanding about her qualms and they remained on friendly terms.

Beginning in 1969, she wrote her first of many bass tutoring books, “How To Play The Electric Bass” effectively changing the name of Fender Bass to Electric Bass and began teaching 100s of Electric Bass students, many of them now famous in their own right.

Carol stepped out to perform live with the
Hampton Hawes Jazz Trio in the mid 70s, she has given many seminars all over the USA, and is a leader in Electric Bass education.


cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965
[CLICK to enlarge]
Her Gear:
Ibanez SRX700 Bass, Thomastik-Infeld Jazz Flats strings, GK MB150S-iii Amp, Ibanez RG321 with Seymour Duncan Humbucker Jazz Pickup Alnico Pro II, George Benson Elec. Jazz Guitar Flat strings etc., TI Benson Flats Strings for Jazz playing.

Bass used in 1960s studio work: Fender Precision w/Fender Flatwound Strings, always with a pick. Fender Concertone 4-10 amp, then in late 60s, Versatone amp. Danelectro Bass and an Epiphone Emperor.


A selection of her guitar contributions include:
La Bamba – Richie Valens
Zippity Doo Dah – Bob B. Soxx & the Blue Jeans
Let’s Dance – Chris Montez
Birds & Bees – Jewel Atkens
The Beat Goes On – Sonny & Cher
Mexican Shuffle – Herb Alpert
Surfin’ USA – Beach Boys
Needles & Pins – Cher
Little Ol’ Lady From Pasedena – Jan & Dean
Dead Man’s Curve – jan & Dean
Surf City – Jan & Dean
Do You Love me? – Isley Brothers
The First two Frank Zappa LP’s
plus – recordings with Same Cooke, the O’Jay’s, Duane Eddy, Cannonball Adderly, Lou Rawls, Chet baker, Pat Boone, Roger Miller, Neil Diamond, and many more.

So to this album –
Guitars 1965.

The Cd comes with a 4 page fold-out, with four sides full of stories from Carol, her personal thanks to various artists and a list of personnel on what is the music she recorded in 1965.

In her words, “You’re hearing my fellow studio musicians at the most exciting time of our careers – 1965“.

The quality of the writing is good, and the info other sides of the fold out are taken up with drawn pictures, producers notes, a list of some of her credits on other singles, and track list.

It is disappointing that there really is no personal information on her early years and not one photo of her.

So the album has 17 tracks of which tracks 1 to 11 are the originals as she recorded them in 1965.

The lead work on tracks 10 and 11 were added by Carol in 1996.

Tracks 12 and 13 are the original multi-tracks where she played all instruments except for drums.

Tracks 14 through to 16 are the original playback tracks, where the lead guitar has been left off so the listener can play along and add their own lead lines.

Track 17 was recorded in 1996 and features Carol talking about her studio sessions on guitar and where, she demonstrates a variety of licks and styles.

Track Listing

1. Baia
2. Soft Winds
3. Delicado
4. New Love *
5. The Searchers
6. Ice Cream Rock *
7. Perhaps Perhaps Perhaps (Quizas Quizas Quizas)
8. Tico Tico
9. Caramba Samba
10. So What *
11. It’s Been A Long Long Time
12. Delicado (Multitrack)
13. Baia (Multitrack)
14. So What (Playalong) *
15. It’s Been A Long Long Time (Playalong)
16. Delicado (Playalong)
17. Guitar Talk With Carol K.


*Composed by Carol K

cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965
CD Rear Cover: Including Track listing – [CLICK to enlarge]

As is my usual process in reviews, I start with track 1 on the basis as the first track heard, it should be the “calling card” of the artist.

Baia is very much a Latin American track, which I have to admit to having never heard before. Written by Ary Evangelista Barroso, who was a Brazilian composer, it’s little wonder that we connect immediately with that style of music while listening, as she plays beautifully and faithfully to his original piece.

This is a very laid back track yet it tells quite clearly, that there is some real talent behind the guitar playing.


Track 3 is Delicado, and it is another South American track.

It was recorded by Percy Faith in the 1950’s and reached the number 1 position on the Billboard charts making it the most successful version. Other versions are by Stan Kenton, Diana Shore, and, Dr. John.

When you listen, if you are a Baby Boomer, you may just find find yourself saying something like – “Hey that’s a familiar theme”!

The chances are it may have been something you heard your parents play on record when you were a child. This is a studio version that Carol lay down with The Hitmen, and we will return to it when we get to track 12.


Track 5The Searchers, is an out and out surf music track.

It features most of the “musical themes” the surf groups of the period used and is really a great track to relive that period. Hey check out the use of the “outer limits” theme, nicely worked in with all the other noted “surf music” sounds.

As an old surf music fan, this was a joy to listen to.

The Searchers

Ice Cream Rock is Track 6.

It’s a Carol Kaye original and it reminded me at first of the guitar playing in a track called Percolator (Twist) by Billy Joe and the Checkmates, which was recorded in the early 1960’s.

In many ways this might be seen as a “simplistic” piece of music, but it is very much in the “instrumental” style of the period. Nonetheless there is some damn fine playing hiding behind the “simplicity”

cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965
Playing her Epiphone – [CLICK to enlarge]

It is so a 60’s track and it shows that Carol certainly mastered that Epiphone.

Ice Cream Rock

However if you are yet to be convinced that this girl can play, just check out track 8Tico Tico!

This is another Brazilian track, but Carol lays down some very nice jazz lines indeed. She absolutely cements the claims made, that she was indeed a fine jazz musician as well as so many other stylistic varieties.

In this track, she keeps that Latin American beat true.

Tico Tico

Track 10 So What/

It’s another Carol Kaye original, and from the opening moment we know this is different to anything previously played.

This is funky, this has jazz overtones to a rock beat, this has just a touch of big band sound. I love the sound of the “vibes” as played by Gary Coleman.

It is a shame that the recording was a little overloaded for short periods, probably in the transfer from analogue to digital – where digital recordings are unforgiving if they level extend past 0Db.

But enough of the technical talk, for as they say in all the best “hip” movies of the time – go dig it!

Now while the original track was recorded in 1965, the main lead line on this was overdubbed by Carol in 1996.

So What

Tracks 12 and 13 have been discussed previously, and hopefully listened to, but here they are again.

This time Carol re-recorded both Delicado and Baia as multitrack recordings with her playing all instruments, with the exception of drums – and this is REALLY where you hear and witness her talent.

cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965

I have to say while the original version of Delicado (track 3) was good, this version where we listening to her playing all the instruments (other than drums) is an utter delight.

I just wish I had been aware of her talents when I were a younger man because it took me until the 1970’s to appreciate that there were some fabulous female musicians – and here was Carol almost 10 years earlier than my 70s moment of realisation that women really can be shit hot players.

Delicado (Multitrack version) 


Baia (Multitrack version)

The following three tracks are as recorded by Carol and The Hitmen, without her playing the lead lines.

This is so that we, who still like to wrap our hands around the neck of a guitar, get a chance to play along. Nice touch!

Finally we have track 17Guitar Talk with Carol K.

This needs no description past saying Carol spends some 16 minutes playing and discussing her playing. It kicks off with her playing the first piece she ever learned.

But it is the story that goes along with this and the stories she tells of who influenced her, her styles of playing that make it fascinating listening. 

It is a both a history lesson and a music lesson.

I don’t care who you are, and how good a player you are – there is something for everyone, from beginners to the highly skilled in this talk.

cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965
Carol playing bass – possibly one of the best female electric bass players ever! – [CLICK to enlarge]

What a shame other artists haven’t done something this – I guess it takes a woman, eh?

I’d love to play you the lot but if i do, you may not go out and buy the CD – so here is an edited version.

Guitar Talk with Carol K (An edited selection)

For a woman who made her name on bass, Carol Kaye (Carol K) is a consummate guitarist – hell she is a consummate artist!

Carol is still alive today, still playing and, still teaching. She even offers lessons over Skype!

cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965
A recent picture – [CLICK to enlarge]


The CD is a rarity.

As I can ascertain, Guitars 1965 is the only released Carol K recording of this genre.

Carol does, however, have a couple of “jazz genre” Cd’s and a plethora of tutorials.

So this is a must for devotees of guitar, of the 60’s, of female musicians, in fact it is a must for collectors.

Please do not buy that pirated version – California Creamin’

I recommend you purchase directly from Carol – Purchase a legitimate copy by clicking HERE

cream of the crate: album review # 191 – carol k and the hitmen: guitars 1965


Sadly there are no clips of carol as a younger player in the 60’s, but there are some excellent clips from later years on Youtube.


Trailer for a proposed documentary on Carol Kaye



Making of Good Vibrations


A short piece from her Jazz Workshop


Meet Carol Kaye

Previous Cream of The Crate Albums:


To view/listen the first 50 vinyl album reviews just click the image below –

cream of the crate cd review #2 : robert johnson – the complete recordings


To view/listen the first 50 Cd album reviews just click the image below –


To view/listen album reviews 101 – 150 just click the image below –


Click to open the following reviews covering #’s 151 onward.

#151.  The Shaggs – Philosophy of the World

#152.  The Animals – The Animals

#153. Omah Khorshid & His Group  – Live In Australia 1981

#154. Alan Parsons Project – Tales of Mystery and Imagination: Edgar Allan Poe

#155. Billy Thorpe – Tangier

#156. Aretha Franklin – The Best Of

#157. Big Bill Broonzy – Big Bill’s Blues

#158. The Supremes – Where Did Our Love Go 

#159. The Band – Stage Fright

#160. Ray Brown and the Whispers – Hits and More 1965 – 1968

#161. Guitar Junior – The Crawl

#162. Jimi Hendrix – Radio One

#163. Memphis Minnie – Queen of the Blues

#164. Eno – Taking Tiger Mountain (by Strategy)

#165. The Loved Ones – Magic Box

#166. Various Artists – On The Road Again [ An Anthology of Chicago Blues 1947 – 1954]

#167. Janis Joplin – Greatest Hits 

#168. David Bowie – Ziggy Stardust [The Motion Picture]

#169. Red Hot Chili Peppers – Californication

#170.  Chain – Two Of A Kind

#171. Bob Marley – Legend

#172. Koko Taylor – What It Takes

#173. Stevie Wonder – Original Musiquarium

#174. Various Artists – The Unissued 1963 Blues Festival

#175. Noeleen Batley – Little Treasure

#176. B.B. King – The Best Of

#177. Fleetwood Mac – Fleetwood Mac

#178 – Memphis Slim – I Feel So Good

#179. Manfred Mann’s Earth Band – Live at Budapest

#180. Flowers – Icehouse

#181. Joe Tex – The Best Of

#182. Chicago [Transit Authority] – Chicago Transit Authority

#183. Deep Purple – The Deep Purple Singles

#184. The Doobie Brothers – Best Of The Doobies

#185. Dig Richards – Jive After Five

#186. The Stereo MC’s – Connected

#187. Ricky Nelson – All My Best

#188. Frank Frost – Jelly Roll King

#189. Lonnie Mack – Memphis Wham

#190. Madder Lake – Stillpoint