Every day we are faced with many tasks, the solution of which requires our ability to think logically. Logic as the ability to think and reason sequentially and consistently is required for us in many life situations, from solving complex technical and business problems, ending with convincing interlocutors and making purchases in the store. If you want to develop your logical thinking, you can consider the mindset coach.
But despite the high need for this skill, we often make logical mistakes without suspecting it. Indeed, among many people, there is an opinion that one can think correctly based on life experience and the so-called common sense, without using the laws and special techniques of “formal logic”. Common logic can also be used to perform simple logical operations, make elementary judgments and simple conclusions, and if you need to know or explain something more complex, common sense often leads us to fallacy.
Logical Thinking for Children and Students
The reasons for these errors lie in the principles of development and formation of the foundations of the logical thinking of people, which are laid down in childhood. Teaching logical thinking is not conducted purposefully, but is identified with mathematics lessons (for children at school or for students at the university), as well as with solving and passing a variety of games, tests, problems and puzzles. But such actions contribute to the development of only a small fraction of the processes of logical thinking. In addition, the principles of the search for the solution of tasks are fairly primitively explained to us. As for the development of verbal-logical thinking (or verbal-logical), the ability to correctly perform mental operations, consistently come to conclusions, for some reason we are not taught this. That is why the level of development of the logical thinking of people is not high enough.
We believe that the logical thinking of a person and his ability to know should be developed systematically and on the basis of special terminological apparatus and logical tools. In the classes of this online training, you will learn about self-education techniques for developing logical thinking, get acquainted with the main categories, principles, features and laws of logic, as well as find examples and exercises for applying the knowledge and skills.
What is logical thinking?
To explain what “logical thinking” is, we will divide this concept into two parts: thinking and logic. Now we give a definition of each of these components.
Human thinking is a mental process of processing information and establishing connections between objects, their properties or phenomena of the surrounding world. Thinking allows a person to find connections between the phenomena of reality, but in order for the connections found to really reflect the true state of affairs, thinking must be objective, correct or, in other words, logical, that is, subject to the laws of logic.
Now we can define logical thinking itself.
Logical thinking is a thought process in which a person uses logical concepts and constructions, which are characterized by evidence, judgment, and the purpose of which is to obtain a reasonable conclusion from the existing premises.
There are also several types of logical thinking, we list them, starting with the simplest:
Figurative-logical thinking (visual-figurative thinking) – various thought processes of the so-called “figurative” problem solving, which involves a visual representation of the situation and the operation of the images of its constituent objects. Visual-figurative thinking, in fact, is synonymous with the word “imagination”, which allows us to most vividly and clearly recreate the whole variety of different actual characteristics of an object or phenomenon. This type of human mental activity is formed in childhood, starting at about 1.5 years.
To understand how developed this type of thinking is, we suggest you take the IQ Test “Progressive Raven Matrices.”
Abstract logical thinking
Abstract logical thinking is the completion of the thought process with the help of categories that are not in nature (abstractions). Abstract thinking helps a person to model relationships not only between real objects but also between abstract and figurative representations that thought itself created. Abstract-logical thinking has several forms: concept, judgment and conclusion, which you can learn more about in the lessons of our training.
Verbal-logical thinking (verbal-logical thinking) is one of the types of logical thinking, characterized by the use of linguistic means and speech constructions. This type of thinking involves not only the skillful use of thought processes but also the competent knowledge of your speech. We need verbal-logical thinking for public speaking, writing texts, debating and in other situations where we have to express our thoughts with the help of language.
Thinking using the tools of logic is necessary for almost any area of human activity, including in the exact and human sciences, in economics and business, rhetoric and oratory, in the creative process and invention. In some cases, strict and formalized logic is used, for example, in mathematics, philosophy, and technology. In other cases, logic only provides a person with useful techniques for obtaining a reasonable conclusion, for example, in economics, history, or simply in ordinary “life” situations.
As already mentioned, often, we try to think logically on an intuitive level. Someone succeeds well, someone worse. But connecting the logical apparatus, it is better to know exactly which mental devices we use, since in this case, we can:
- More precisely, choose the right method that will allow you to come to the right conclusion;
- Think faster and better – as a consequence of the previous paragraph;
- Better to state your thoughts;
- Avoid self-deception and logical fallacies,
- To identify and eliminate errors in the conclusions of other people, to cope with sophistry and demagogy;
- Use the necessary arguments to convince the interlocutors.
Components of logical thinking
Often the use of logical thinking is associated with the quick solution of tasks on logic and passing tests to determine the level of intellectual development (IQ). However, this direction is associated with a greater extent with bringing mental operations to automatism, which is a very insignificant part of how logic can be useful to humans.
The ability to think logically combines many skills in the use of various mental actions and includes:
- Knowledge of the theoretical foundations of logic.
- The ability to correctly perform such mental operations as classification, concretization, generalization, comparison, analogy, and others.
- Confident use of key forms of thinking: concept, judgment, inference.
- The ability to reason your thoughts in accordance with the laws of logic.
- The skill to solve quickly complex logical problems (both educational and applied).
How to learn this?
Logical thinking is not given to us from birth, and it can only be learned. There are two main aspects of learning logic: theoretical and practical.
Theoretical logic, which is taught at universities, introduces students to the main categories, laws and rules of logic.
Practical training is aimed at applying the acquired knowledge in life. However, in reality, modern teaching practical logic is usually associated with passing different tests and solving problems to check the level of development of intelligence (IQ) and for some reason does not affect the application of logic in real-life situations.
In order to actually master the logic, it is necessary to combine theoretical and applied aspects. Lessons and exercises should be aimed at the formation of an intuitive, logical toolkit brought to automatism and the consolidation of acquired knowledge in order to apply it in real situations.