The Australian Road Crew Association (ARCA) releases incredibly rare recordings – New Desk Tape Series

 Now rare and classic Aussie tracks will help 
the roadies who supported the bands who recorded them

The ARCA Desk Tape Series is an initiative of the Australian Road Crew Association (ARCA). ARCA is an Australia-wide not-for-profit organisation dedicated to the welfare of live production crew in Australia, past and present.

Without roadies to pack, unpack, carry, maintain and set up music artists gear, the shows simply would not go on.

Largely unsung heroes of the music business the work of a roadie is tough, hard and very time consuming. It often requires considerable travel and long hours and can be brutal on the body.

Yet, their welfare has largely been ignored by people in and out of the industry, until the formation of ARCA.

Many roadies are in crisis, presenting an alarming suicide rate many times the national average, and facing other serious health issues. It is ARCA’s intention to address this. Please see link here:  

To build up resources to assist roadies, past and present, in need The Australian Road Crew Association (ARCA) early this month launched its new Desk Tape Series of classic Australian live gigs.

Now roadies have been amassing a trove of live recordings over the past 40 years, consisting of bands they have been working with. 

Much of this music now being released on Black Box Records, with MGM Distribution handling digital and physical releases.

The series kicked off on Friday (November 10) with a Redgum tape.

Other recordings are coming include material from Australian Crawl, The Church, Cold Chisel, Crowded House, Jo Jo Zep & The Falcons, Wendy Matthews, Men At Work, Mental As Anything, Midnight Oil, The Models and Paul Kelly.

The Redgum release came from a 1985 show in Amsterdam’s legendary Melkweg (Milky Way) club.

Hot on the heels of hard touring around Australia behind the ‘I Was Only 19’ and “I’ve Been To Bali Too’ hits, Redgum were on fire when they hit Europe for a three-month tour – extended to four after airplay in the UK and the Continent.

The tapes were recorded by their sound engineer on the tour, Mark Williams, now running his own production company in Melbourne.

ARCA founder Ian Peel said, “These live recordings are culturally important especially of the pub rock era of the ‘70s and ‘80s

They remind the music industry that roadies are the backbone of this industry and without them, there’d be no show, no band.

“They demonstrate the creativity that road crews display every day, as they put the show together, In the early days when equipment was really primitive, the road crews virtually had to build the gear themselves so the show could go on.” 

Peel came up with the tapes initiative five years ago after he heard a road crew’s tape of a Jo Jo Zep & The Falcons show in the late ‘70s and was struck by its high quality of sound.

A call went out to the crew fraternity, and Peel now has 2000 cassettes. Many told him, “My kids are most likely going to throw my tapes out after I die, so I might as well assign the rights to ACRA.”

A meeting with MGM founder Sebastian Chase led to plans to put them out for commercial releases.

Each release acknowledges just how important roadies have been to making our live performance industry a stand out success. They offer recognition to the engineers who documented this wealth of genuine Australian music history.

Professor Philip Graham at the University of the Sunshine Coast, in conjunction with QUT and Griffith University, is overseeing the preservation, treatment and mastering of these tapes, which are then to be submitted into the National Film & Sound Archive in Canberra.

All proceeds generated by the Desk Tape Series will be used solely for the betterment of crew. The roadie who’s legacy provided these valuable cultural assets, will receive a share of profit and ARCA will retain 20% to help continue our services, with the balance going directly to the Roadies Fund, established expressly to assist roadies in crisis through our partnership with leading industry charity Support Act.

ARCA was formed initially as a social get together. It rapidly become a well-being service when anecdotes by crew members substantiated studies by Entertainment Assist that crews suffered a much higher rate of anxiety, depression, suicide and drink/drug issues than others in the entertainment biz and, indeed, the wider Australian society.

The association has now swelled to 300+ live production crew and over 200 paid associate members from all aspects of the music industry.

A Roadies Fund was set up via a partnership with music industry benevolent society, Support Act Ltd.

Peel recounts, “135 of us have died, 29 from their own hands. We’ve just lost three more in the last month

“ARCA has had a lot of support from the music industry and the music media.

“But we need more. We need more promoters to come on board with contributions and willingness to add a levy to their ticket sales to go to crews.

“We need more musicians to play benefits for the crews. 

“These tapes will not only help them financially but for the departed ones, it signifies respect and acknowledgement of their contribution to building the music industry.”

The music can be purchased by clicking on:

For more information please contact:
Tony Moran (Project Management) 0400 047 062 or
Ian Peel (ARCA Director) 0415 667 221 or

The Australian Road Crew Association Pty. Ltd.


This article used some material published in the Music Network and Mediannet 
and was provided by ARCA

Listen To Older Voices reaches a 1,000 program milestone

1,000 unbroken weekly interviews is quite a record
On Monday 23rd October, Listen To Older Voices [LTOV] will celebrate it’s 1,000th continuous weekly program.
Never heard of Listen To Older Voices? Well, maybe it’s time you did!
The program was first aired nationally in October of 1998. It had that embryonic national start with Hannah Sky and Jaycey Hall.
At that time the program was operating under the auspice of the Upper Yarra Community house which is located in Melbourne’s Yarra Valley.
The Listen To Older Voices program commenced and continues to be part of the Melba Community Support program which in turn is now part of Uniting Wesley.
The idea for the program seems to have had its genesis when workers employed by the Upper Yarra Community House who were visiting people who were socially and or geographically isolated, realised that the older people they were speaking with had amazing stories  about their upbringing and the times they lived in.
Workers would take a small portable cassette deck and record some of the stories of these older folk. Then the local community radio station in Woori Yallock [YV-FM] became involved and in fact is the host community station for the program and has remained involved from it’s inception until today.
From this very basic start Hannah and Jaycey worked hard to gather stories and convince the Community Broadcasting Association of Australia [CBAA] to take the program for national distribution.
In 2004, the job of program producer, interviewer and editor was taken over by myself and continue through to today.
The program has continued to grow both in its reach and in it’s style of presentation.
Picture of Rob Greaves in his studio
Rob Greaves in his studio editing Listen To Older Voices
The most popular format for the program, as initiated by Hannah and Jaycey, was what is called, the “Life and Times” format. This is where person is encouraged to recall stories of their early life through until present time.
In those early years each person interviewed generally had a single program, but as the program developed and gained a wider audience it was changed with each persons story being given more time so that more of the persons story could be told.
Currently, each story/interview runs for three programs, with four programs being used on occasions. 
As technology advanced LTOV kept pace. Recordings provided for those interviewed moved across from cassette to CD. Initially each program was on a mini disk and mailed to the Community Broadcasting Association of Australia. Now they are uploaded directly to both the CBAA satellite server and the Toorak Times.
The program continues to be broadcast weekly by YV-FM and approximately 26 community radio stations across Australia take the program regularly.

In recent years both the Melba program and Listen To Older Voices moved under the auspice of Wesley Uniting. This has meat the program has access to older people across all the regions of Melbourne and that means an even greater variety of stories.

In December of 2014 Mick Pacholli who is the publisher of the Toorak Times was approached about podcasting Listen To Older Voices. Mick, who is very astute, saw the potential in the program immediately.
So it is that every Monday at the time when the program is made available to the CBAA, a podcast of the same program is published on the Toorak Times and it’s arts magazine, Tagg.
This has increased the audience many fold.
Yet LTOV is much more than a story of technology and audience reach. Each story features the life of an Australian, born here or overseas, and who is of 65 years of age or older.
Recently, with the Baby Boomer generation moving not just past the 65 year age but into the 70 year age group, LTOV Baby Boomer generation programs, featuring the stories of this generation have been added to the programs presented.
As this is a generation that not just saw great change like its predecessors, but is a generation that drove change with a passion, it provides a whole different outlook on life as experienced by that generation.
Listen To Older Voices reminds us that those we think of as “older people’ not only have made a contribution to this country, to the state they live in and to their local community, but in so many cases continue to do so despite their age.
This is the essence of the concept the program calls  “positive ageing”. It reminds us all that age is not a barrier to Australian’s undertaking activities that continue to contribute to making this country so great. 
Other more recent changes have seen the introduction of “Golden Moments” programs, where past programs are taken from the “Vault of Treasured Programs” and replayed for the benefit of those who may have missed that program the first time it was aired.
Australia has become a wonderful nation and in many ways the envy of many countries. However, it did not get this way because of its sports stars and politicians, which if you watch commercial television and read the syndicated dailies, is what is you might conclude.
It IS the average everyday Australian that has made this country what it is!
Listen To Older Voices reminds us of this. It is now probably the longest running interview format program on radio or television featuring older people and with continued financial support from the commonwealth government through its Commonwealth Home Support program, will continue for many more years.
Speaking as the programs longest working producer and interviewer I say – “It is a privilege to work on this program. I don’t just get invited into people’s homes, I get invited into their lives, and, I take that very responsibly”.
There have been many hundreds of Australian’s interviewed, and everyone has a story, and every story should be told.
Among them is the story of Clem Gracie that helped LTOV become a national award winning program when in 2006, it came runner up to non other than the juggernaut, the ABC, in the category of “National – radio, news and public affairs” category of awards run by the organization, Older People Speaking Out.
Not bad for a one-person operation on a shoe-string budget up against the mighty national broadcaster!
Other outstanding interviews, and there have been many, include Jack Charles.
Jack is a much loved and iconic figure in both the indigenous and non-indigenous communities. He is among many things, an actor, musician, potter, and Aboriginal elder.  Jack featured as the subject in 2012 when his photo won the National Photographic Portrait Prize. He was a National Finalist as the Senior Australian of the Year in 2016 and recently, Anh Do’s portrait of Jack won the 2017 Archibald People’s Choice Award.
The winning photograph of Jack Charles
The winning photograph of Jack Charles. Photographed by Rod McNicol
So on Monday October 23rd the 1000th Listen To Older Voice’s program will air across the CBAA and via the Toorak Times and Tagg podcast. It features the Life and Times story of a 71 year old Baby Boomer by the name of Norman (Normie) Rowe AM.
Why does Normie hold pride of place as the 1000th program? Well, listen to his story and it will be obvious. While he was at one time the most popular entertainer in Australia, particularly in the 1960’s and still continues with his music career today, it really is because of his unswerving commitment, passion and dedication to Australian veterans of the Vietnam War that his story stands out.
Picture of Normie Rowe
Normie Rowe AM
You are encouraged to seek out this 4-part program and indeed, those that will follow.
Now while there will be many wonderful programs following the Normie Rowe story, past programs can also be accessed at anytime. There is a link at the bottom of all podcast LTOV programs that will take you to any previous podcast program.
Remember the 1,000th program can be listened to via the Toorak Times/Tagg as of Monday 23rd October and can be accessed by clicking on here.



Underground in Brisvegas: can an electronic dance music artist thrive outside the city?

 Heidi Mellington, performing here with 
Anthony Smith  in Dizzygothica in 2007, has spoken about the importance of a  
supportive local music scene for emerging artists.

Electronic dance music (EDM) is an increasingly popular music genre. Electronic music can be defined as a sound dominated by electronic instruments and digitally generated sounds and also by digital samples of vocals and conventional instruments.

Despite the emergence of new communication technologies for music production and dissemination, it is still essential for EDM artists to be part of a local music scene.

Emerging artists typically depend heavily on the contacts and resources that they can find in their local city. The nature and scale of the truly global music industry appear not to have changed this relationship between EDM artists and their local music scene.

And the global electronic music industry is big. According to the latest IMS business report, the industry’s annual value has reached US$7.4 billion. NME reports that the three wealthiest DJs are Tiesto (Netherlands), Daft Punk (France) and Paul Okenfoald (England).

DJ Tiesto is asking for US$250,000 per DJ set. Daft Punk, the duo who pioneered French house in the 1990s, are worth US$120 million in licensing deals, royalties, music sales and merchandise. Their value increased after the success of their fourth album, Random Memories, which has sold more than 3.2 million copies worldwide.

EDM artists, unlike the most famous DJs, belong to local alternative scenes as is the case in Brisbane. Those scenes can be labelled as underground. According to the semi-structured interviews performed for my research, the electronic scene in Brisbane started as a DIY alternative scene.

In Brisbane, the rock and punk scenes have been documented in books like Pig City. In contrast, the electronic scene in Brisbane is rather unknown, yet it gathered more than 200 artists between 1979 and 2014. This has been documented in BNE: The Definitive Archive, released by Dennis Bremmer, founder of independent music label Trans:Com.

If music is global, why does local still matter?

Emerging artists need to engage with the technology and to have access to mentoring and technical advice. It’s a point made by Heidi Mellington, who joined the scene in the early 2000s:

Being in a city gives you access to mentors that have been trained and know how to use the latest sofwares.

She was part of Lady Electronica, a collective of female artists, and of darkwave electronica duo Dizzygotheca with Anthony Smith (2005-2010).

Most musicians interviewed for my research were interested in creating experimental edgy music. The aim was not necessarily to become successful, but to remain underground.

Brisbane’s electronic sound can be labelled as “electronic fusion”. It’s a blend of hip-hop, funk, drum and bass and sometimes goth music, according to Porl Deville, who was part of successful acts such as My Ninja Lover, who opened for Ben HarperJamiroquai and Mobyin the mid-1990s.

Local radio stations such 4ZZZ or Triple J helped artists to have their electronic dance music tracks played. In Brisbane, venues like The ZooRic’s Cafe Bar and The Lofly Hangar – a meeting place for the independent music community; it no longer exists – welcomed EDM artists.

These artists still need to be engaged in the economic and social networks that are found in metropolitan areas. This helps them to access technical advice, mentoring and grants (to fund music videos).

Even if Facebook and Soundcloud are fantastic tools for self-promotion, location is important. It remains an asset for a young EDM artist to be located in a city. It’s there that they have access to the best equipment and can learn about software tricks and production, mixing and mastering tips from experienced mentors.

This article was written by:
Image of Sebastien DarchenSebastien Darchen [Lecturer in Planning, The University of Queensland]






This article is part of a syndicated news program via

Window Art Walk Fitzroy Street St Kilda, 21 – 24 September

Pop indigenous artist Dino Damiani exhibition in Fitzroy St. precinct as part of the St Kilda Art Crawl
Pop indigenous artist Dino Damiani exhibition in Fitzroy St. precinct as part of the St Kilda Art Crawl


created by Kerrie Pacholli ©

Pop-up exhibition Window Art Walk begins at 33 Fitzroy St St Kilda.

This venue is open to the general public and will feature paintings by Pop Indigenous artist Dino Damiani along with works from other painters, sculptors and performance artists including Faye de Pasquale, Laurie Miller, Clare Austin and Adrian Spurr.

Vegan cafe  #HAPPYFoLK at 11A  Fitzroy St was recently opened by property developer and entrepreneur Freddie Warschauer. Freddie will be sponsoring the Window Art Walk at venues either side of #HAPPYFoLK showcasing an eclectic mix of art in shop windows on the sunset side of the Green Knoll.

At the magical Spring Equinox light and dark forces are in balance. Over this weekend 33 Fitzroy St will host Indigenous smoking and Shamanic ceremonies.

Shamanic Healing Seminar

Shamanic healer and psychic Josephine Celeste ©
Shamanic healer and psychic Josephine Celeste ©
On Saturday 23 September at 11 am St Kilda based Shamanic healer Josephine Celeste will perform a ceremony celebrating re-emergence of the light, life and empowerment.
On Sunday 24 September at 11am – 12 noon Josephine Celeste will also host a FREE seminar titled Trauma to Life Purpose and group Shamanic healing ritual. To be part of this very special free event bookings are essential as seating is limited. Bookings for seminar:  0410 190 593


For further information about exhibition contact 0423 308 005.



Symmetry’s Shadows Exhibition launch 21 – 24 Sept hosted by St Kilda Art Crawl

Poster design by Christine Ritter (Westside Circus / Theatreworks)

“We have to remember that what we observe is not nature herself, but nature exposed to our method of questioning.” – Werner Heisenberg.

It seems humanity is stuck on repeat cycle, spinning round and round with no real clue as to the true nature of things.

Symmetry cannot be broken since all events are one with the cycle of birth, life, death and resurrection. This is one of the many truths of our existence.

It is apparent that through symmetry, the Hidden and the Un-seen shape our daily reality. Or; on a deeper level, the collective experience referred to as living.

Time to Re-Invent Life through ART.

by Marko Maglaic

Co Curator’s Rina Ritter (Theatreworks) with contributing artist / Curator Marko Maglaic at St Kilda Anglican Church image by Kerrie Pacholli ©
Co Curator’s Rina Ritter (Theatreworks) with contributing artist / Curator Marko Maglaic at St Kilda Anglican Church image by Kerrie Pacholli © pationpics.comperformers
Contributing artists;
Marko Maglaic ~ Visual Artist
Andrew Hustwaite ~ Visual Artist & Sculptor
Glenn A. Cannon ~ Published Author
Jackie Ralph ~ Artist & Sculptor
Anthony Breslin ~ Visual Artist
Phil Voodoo ~ Visual Artist
Michael Blamey ~ Photographer
Emmanuel Santos ~ International Photographer
Cal the Stoner ~ Sculptor & Stone Mason
Including special guest musicians, fire spinning and circus performers

Hosted by Christ Church St Kilda Anglican in association with  St Kilda Art Crawl (SKAC)


story by Kerrie Pacholli ©



Meet the Artists – St Kilda Art Crawl launch 21 – 24 Sept

Pamella Dias Lotus Arts contributing artist in Fitzroy Street installation as part of the St Kilda Art Crawl

Dino Damiani exhibition in Fitzroy St. precinct as part of the St Kilda Art Crawl

Dino Damiani exhibition in Fitzroy St. precinct as part of the St Kilda Art Crawl

Symmetry’s Shadow Exhibition

Location: Christ Church St Kilda (Anglican), 14 Acland st. St Kilda

Re-inventing LIFE through ART, an ongoing therapy.

Silent intelligence, each soul’s higher self, speaks of a collective, a whole; the human race as one. In our hearts we all know this to be true, one only needs to apply thought. Pressure in the frontal lobe region may follow as a result, tension will subside with gradual use of the minds eye.

If you’re in disagreement I invite you to come along and allow the artists involved to persuade you of another outlook, or more accurately in-look. An in-look which becomes an outlook of the soul. Push the envelope and watch it bend, be like the reed in the wind, the one Confucius spoke of. The Hidden runs our lives, for most of us have no idea of our purpose of existance. Most of us hide behind invisible mask of our choosing.

Man is a walking talking paradox, who’s hypocritical abilities are of legendary status. At this point in humanity’s evolution I believe it is important to pause and take stock of one’s true purpose, lights, gifts and shadows truths. Together they provide the human halone with a third dimensional experience, according to information (thoughts) available.

Seems to me, one’s thoughts and intent should take precedence above all.

by Marko Maglaic – Australian collectable artist

Anthony Breslin contributing painter at Symmetry’s Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

Anthony Breslin contributing painter at Symmetry’s Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl
We would like you to meet some of Melbourne’s artistic community that are participating at various installations around the five St Kilda Art Crawl precincts.

Woodman contributing painter at Symmetry's Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

Phil Voodoo Woodman contributing painter at Symmetry’s Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

Jackie Ralph contributing artist at Symmetry's Shadow Exhibition 22, 23 Sept sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl 2017

Jackie Ralph contributing artist at Symmetry’s Shadow Exhibition 22, 23 Sept sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl 2017

Andrew Hustwaite contributing arts at Symmetry's Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

Andrew Hustwaite contributing arts at Symmetry’s Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

Marko Maglaic curator and contributing artits at Symmetry's Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

Marko Maglaic curator and contributing artits at Symmetry’s Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

Cal the Stoner contributing sculpture at Symmetry's Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

Cal the Stoner contributing sculpture at Symmetry’s Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

Michael Blamey contributing photographer at Symmetry's Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

Michael Blamey contributing photographer at Symmetry’s Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

Emmanuel Santos contributing photographer at Symmetry’s Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

Emmanuel Santos contributing photographer at Symmetry’s Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

Apu - Melbourne based Global Musician contributing musician at Symmetry's Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

Apu – Melbourne based Global Musician contributing musician at Symmetry’s Shadow Exhibition opening on 22 & 23 Sept 2017 sponsored by St Kilda Art Crawl

by Kerrie Pacholli @

ST KILDA ART CRAWL 21 – 24 Sept 2017

Born from universal art and culture. Inspired by California’s successful community strengthening Venice Art Crawl and fuelled by St Kilda’s passionate grass roots’ creatives.  The St Kilda Art Crawl has arrived.

Similar to St Kilda’s sister city of Venice Beach in California and like the Venice Art Crawl, St Kilda Art Crawl is a not for profit incentive for the people by the people.

It’s aim is to galvanise community spirit and co operation by proactively integrating the business world with the world of art and culture. The life blood of any great city.  This is a unified drive inviting St Kilda’s local artist, musicians, writers, poets and street artists to share and celebrate who they are with the world.

As well as combined effort and support from the local traders, artists will be supported by extensive media coverage through TV, Radio and online media.

The World is Your Oyster so get involved!

Last night Wilbur Wilde was MC at Acland Street’s Veludo Cafe host to the second Mixer for SKAC bringing together artists, enthusiasts and local traders in preparation for the next St Kilda Art Crawl on the 22 – 23 of September 2017 – a week before the grand final; and with a collaborative spirit SKAC and VAC will be streaming events via their mutual Facebook pages linking the sister cities in celebration.

Original SKAC member Mick Pacholli in Q & A

Original SKAC member Mick Pacholli in Q & A

Colonel Pietro Iodice chairman of SKAC in Q & A

Colonel Pietro Iodice chairman of SKAC in Q & A

Geoffrey Fry SKAC Creative Director in Q & A

Geoffrey Fry SKAC Creative Director in Q & A


Enthusiastic brethren

Coin Talbot with partner Liz with Jean and Wilbur Wilde MC for the evening

Coin Talbot with partner Liz, friend  Jean and Wilbur Wilde MC for the evening

Film by MYnewsroom Tim & Simon Barnett & Photographs and promo byKerrie Pacholli



DELTA FLIGHT 191 – (Richard Laver – Survivor)

It’s August 2, 1985

Delta Airlines domestic flight 191 had originally taken off from Fort Lauderdale, Florida and is scheduled to complete it’s trip in Los Angeles after a brief stop over at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.

The plane is a Lockheed L-1011-385-1 Tristar.

The Captain is Edward N. Connors, (57 years) and he had been flying with the airline since 1954. His First Officer is Rudolph P. Price Jnr, (42 years).

Other Delta Captains who had the pleasure of flying with Price, described him as a competent, above average first officer, possessing excellent knowledge of the Tristar.

The Flight Engineer is Nick N. Nassick (43 years). Again, his co-workers found him also very observant, alert and professional.

It was First Officer Price who was in control of the plane.

Onboard are 152 passengers and 11 crew.

Also on this particular flight is Mary Ann Estridge and her husband Don Estridge. Don was the driving force/developer behind the Original IBM Personal Computer. Jean Hancock, sister of Musician Herbie Hancock also had a seat, along with youngster Richard Laver and his father Ian, brother of Australian tennis legend Rod (Rocket) Laver.

The control tower gives the order for the flight to decend to 10,000 feet.

The controller suggests they fly a heading of 250 degrees toward the Blue Ridge approach, but Captain Connors replies that the route would take them through a storm cell.

Captain Conners: Well, I’m looking at a cell at about a heading of 255. It’s a pretty good sized cell and I’d rather not go through it, I’d rather go around it one way or the other.

After a brief conversation, they are assigned a new heading. The flight is given permission to go around the storm, rather than directly through it. Once clear of it, the plane will line up for a landing on runway 17L.

Three miles ahead of Flight 191 is a corporate Learjet flown by Captain Rufus Lewis. His plane is also on approach to Runway 17L.

Flight 191 is getting too close to the Learjet and is ordered to slow down to 180 knots.


Flight 191 is now only 50 km from the runway, so the cabin crew begin preparations for landing.

RICHARD LAVER – His own account of that day

It was the night before the accident, Richard sat down to dinner with his mother, and he recalls telling her that the plane was going to crash.

Richard had experienced many dreams leading up to the flight, and to comfort him, his mother told him that it was a one in a million chance that would happen.

Richard was a frequent flyer, having travelled all over the world, but this day was very different. He reluctantly headed off to the airport with his father. They were on there way to a tennis tournament. This time he was very nervous. Richard had never been scared to fly in his life.

He together with his father got onto the flight and he remembers the skies were blue and crystal clear. Conditions were favourable.

Richards father sat back in his chair and was soon transfixed on a John Wayne movie. Richard on the other hand was looking out to the right of him and through the window saw what appeared to be a storm cell. When he saw that storm cell, he immediately got worried and needed a trip to the bathroom. Whilst in there, he splashed water on his face and looked into the mirror and something came over him. He just knew that the plane was going to crash.

Richard then returned to his seat, sat down and left his seatbelt unhitched.

An announcement came over the PA from the pilot that they may have to circle around and possibly land at another airport. So the stewards began preparing the passengers for landing. A female flight attendant was approaching Richard to check that all people had their seatbelts fastened, and Richard purposely didn’t fasten his, rather grabbed a blanket and pulled it up and over the buckle so she couldn’t see it.

The next recollection Richard has is lying a field, having been thrown 50 yards clear of the plane. Both he and his father were seated right where the plane split. Later it would be determined that having his seatbelt un-buckled actually saved his life. Sadly everyone including his father in that row perished in the crash.

Richard found himself in shock, he couldn’t speak or move. People from the hwy nearby who ran over to assist were looking for survivors at the tail end of the plane near the water towers.

One passer by watched the plane hit a car and crash. He decided to go through the fence, got all cut up doing so and then saw Richards hand the only part of him visible as he was submerged under water. He grabbed his hand and pulled him out. That’s when his rescuer said, “Your going to be ok”.

Richard recalls, his physical injuries healed faster than his psychological ones.

Over the years, Richard has asked himself, Why did I survive? Why am I still here? In fact everyone asks themselves that question after a while, it’s part of the maturation process,” Laver said.

The plane touched down 6,000 feet short of the runway and 360 feet to the left of the runway centerline, became airborne again, struck a car killing the driver, crossed the highway and crashed into two water tank reservoirs.

The severed rear section of the plane is where most survivors are found although flight attendants at the front also survive.

Of the 163 passengers and crew 132 died upon impact, with 31 injured. Two passengers later died in hospital whilst receiving care.


This article is dedicated to them.


ALFORD, Fran, Miami.

ARTZ, Freida, Miami.

CONNORS, Edward M., Atlanta, The Captain.

JOHNSON, Diane, Miami.

LEE, Alyson, Miami.


NASSICK, Nick N., 44 Decatur, Ga Second Officer.

PRICE, Rudy P., 43 Atlanta, First Officer.


AGELOFF, Scott, Miami.

ANDERSON, Carrie, Fort Lauderdale, Fla.

ANDERSON, Curtis, Fort Lauderdale.

BAILIE, Ronald, San Fernando Valley, Calif.

BANNER, T., San Francisco.

BANNER (infant), San Francisco.

BARNES, Joanne, Del Ray Beach, Fla.

BARNES, Kara, Del Ray Beach.

BARNES, Moses, Del Ray Beach.

BATTISTI, Christine, Boca Raton, Fla..

BERNSTEIN, Sidney, Fort Lauderdale.

BHATTI, D., Fort Lauderdale.

BHATTI, R., Fort Lauderdale.

BHATTI, B., Fort Lauderdale.

BLOUCH, Mark, Fort Lauderdale.

BOEKELOO, Jack, Fort Lauderdale.

BOEKELOO, Pat, Fort Lauderdale.

BROWN, Cindy, Belleflower, Calif.

BROWN, Darlene, Chicago.

BROWN, G., Hollywood, Fla..

BROWN, J., Fort Lauderdale area.

BROWNSTEIN, Mrs. M., Margate, Fla..

CAPRIELIAN, Arthur, Oakland Park, Fla.

CAPRIELIAN, Mrs. Pransy, Oakland Park.

CASSEDY, Kevina, Los Angeles.

CHAPFIELD, V., Boynton Beach, Fla.

CHERKAS, M., address unknown.

CHERKAS, Anne, 74, West Palm Beach, Fla.

CLARK, James Paul, Atlanta.

COLLEY, Mary K., Dallas.

DAHL, Steve, Sandy, Utah.

DOUGLAS, Michael, Tulsa, Okla.

DOYLE, Deanna, 25, Amarillo, Tex.

EDELMAN, M., Fort Lauderdale.

EPSTEIN, Mike, Boston.

ESTRIDGE, Philip D., Boca Raton.

ESTRIDGE, Mrs. P., Boca Raton.

FABRIELLO, Joe, Atlanta.

FIELDS, Christopher, Los Angeles.

FIELDS, Rachel, Los Angeles.

FLANIGAN, Charles, Hollywood, Fla..

FLANIGAN, Roslind, Hollywood, Fla..

FRAZIER, B., address unknown.

GILLIARD, Zohniffer, Atlanta.

GOLDBERG, A., Fort Lauderdale.

GOLDMAN, Max, Fort Lauderdale.

GUFFEY, Glenda, Coconut Creek, Fla.

GUTERMA, Marc, Mesa, Colo..

HANCOCK, Jean C., Half Moon Bay, Calif.

HASSELHORST, Charles J., Hermosa Beach, Calif.. HIRONAKA, Aimee, California.

HIRONAKA, Anne, Monterey Park, Calif.

HOOKE, Ramone Robert, Tustin, Calif.

HUNTER, Kyle, Salt Lake City.

IBARGUENGCITIA, Fernando, San Antonio, Tex.

JONES, Larry, Los Angeles.

JOSHUA, Yamisse, Los Angeles.

JURKOWSKI, Pnuong, Fort Lauderdale.

KAISER, K., Fort Lauderdale area.

KATZ, Seth, Los Angeles.

KLEIN, Alex, Fort Lauderdale.

KLEIN, Mrs. A., Fort Lauderdale.

KNICHER, Jane, Deerfield Beach, Fla..

KOLE, Thomas S., Phoenix.

KRUGER, Earl, Los Angeles.

KRIEGER, Dennis, Los Angeles.

KUJAWA, John, Plantation, Fla..

LACKEY, William, Little Rock, Ark.

LAMBSON, Sylvia, Fort Lauderdale.

LARSEN, William Gale, Plano, Tex.

LAVER, Ian, Delray Beach.

LAWRENCE, Scot, Fort Lauderdale area.

LEVER, Evelyn, Fort Lauderdale.

MAHSEREJIAN, Mark, Fort Lauderdale.

MAHSEREJIAN, Susan, Fort Lauderdale.

MILLER, David, Miami.

MILLER, Nancy, Miamai.

McLAUGHLIN, D., Sandy, Utah.

MONBERG, Lawrence, Sea Ranch Lakes, Fla.

MOORE, Donald, Valencia, Calif.

MOORE, F., Sunrise, Fla.

MOORE, S., Sunrise.

NEEL, Kim, Los Angeles.

NIDA, Randall Lee, Davie, Fla.

O’RIELLY, K., Brisbane, Australia.

PACE, Thomas, Boca Raton.

PERDARIS, Peter, Olathe, Kansas.

PHILLIPS, Nikki, Fort Lauderdale.

PERRY, Jan, Fort Lauderdale.

POLK, Sabrina, Los Angeles.

PUGH, W.D., San Francisco.

REYNOLDS, Paul, Fort Lauderdale.

REYNOLDS, Brian, Fort Lauderdale.

SALMON, Paul B., 66, Pasadena, Calif.

SANDERS, Steven, Los Angeles.

SCHMIDT, Mary H., Boca Raton.

SCHWARTZ, Kurt, Oklahoma City.

SEGAL, F., West Palm Beach.

SHAVER, Lori, Fort Lauderdale.

SHAW, Edith, Boynton Beachh.

SHAWL, C., Boca Raton.

SHEARER, Vickie C., Bountiful, Utah.

SHEEHAN, Mrs. Robin, Danville, Calif.

SHEEHAN, Ryan, Danville.

SHEEHAN (infant), Danville.

SHOECRAFT, Milt, Los Angeles.

SILVERMAN, F., Palm Beach.

STANSBURG, Robert, Long Beach, Calif.

STRUSSER, Fran, Santa Monica, Calif.

SULKIN, Jameson, Colorado Springs, Colo.

SULMONETTI, Jayne, Houston.

THOMPSON, Jane, Boca Raton.

THOMPSON, Evan, Boca Raton.

VERDICCHIO, Bob, Dallas.

WARNER, Jeff, Fort Lauderdale.

WENER, Mrs. Leonard, Pompano Beach, Fla..

WHITE, Ron, Mesquite, Tex.

WILLIS, Angela G., Hollywood, Fla.

WILSON, A.W., Rolling Hills Estates, Calif.

WILSON, Cathy, Coral Springs, Fla.

WRIGHT, Deborah, Sherman Oaks, Calif.

ZARNT, Julie, Fort Lauderdale.





AMATULLI, Jenny, 35, Miami.

CHAVIS, Vickie, 29, Miami.

ROBINSON, Wendy, 23, West Palm Beach, Fla.



COKE, Paul, 62, Phoenix.

DEWITT, Mark, Dallas.

EDWARDS, Annie, Pompano Beach.

FORD, Kathy, 35, Fort Worth.

FREEMAN, Gregory, 46, Boca Raton.

GARCIA, Anita, 23, Miami.

GOLDBERG, Jean, 75, Pompano Beach.

GOODKID or GOODKIN, Andrea, 16, Fort Lauderdale.

GREEN, Gilbert, Fort Lauderdale.

HARRIS, Ron, Oklahoma City.

KATZ, Debbie, 40, Fort Lauderdale.

KATZ, Robert, 42, Fort Lauderdale.

KELLER, Alvin, 36, Henderson, Nev.

LAPETTUS, Greg, 23, Miami Beach.

LEDFORD, Esther, Fort Lauderdale.

LAVER, Richard, 12, Delray Beach.

MALOY, John, 29, Redondo Beach, Calif.

MARSH, Elizabeth, Deerfield Beach.

MEIER, Christopher John, Temple, Tex.

MOORE, John K., Lookout Mountain, Tenn.

SEGAL, Sidney, 76, West Palm Beach.

SLUSHER, Jay, 33, Phoenix.

STEINBERG, Marilyn, Miami.

STEINBERG, Mike, Miami.

VISICH, Mark, 60.

WARNER, Leonard, 64, Pompano Beach.

WILLIAMS, Juanita, 55, Pompano Beach.

WRIGHT, Kathleen, 49, Fort Lauderdale.




PRINCE PHILIP (retirement comes at 96)

It’s official, as of today, Prince Philip, is stepping down from Royal duties. The Duke of Edinburgh announced that he will no longer accompany his wife on regular engagements, after seven decades of working together in public life.

The retirement of the Duke of Edinburgh will mark a new era for the Royal family, as now it will be expected that the younger royals will have to “step up” to support the Queen.

The Prince of Wales and Duke of Cambridge (his son and grandson) will continue to take on extra duties, as other Royals accompany the Queen on regular engagements. Kensington Palace announced plans for the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge to move back to London later his year, taking up residence with their family at Kensington Palace, as Prince William over a week or so ago retired from his job as a search and rescue pilot in Norfolk to become a full-time working Royal.

Last year, Her Majesty stepped down as patron of 25 national organisations, with the Duchess of Cambridge, the Duchess of Cornwall and Prince Harry taking over.

For seventy years the Queen and Prince Philip’s support for each other, has been unwavering. Their team effort began before their marriage in 1947, when Prince Philip denounced his Greek and Danish heritage, to become British, with a life dedicated to Royal Duties.

Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark was born in Mon Repos on the Greek island of Corfu on 10 June 1921, the only son and fifth and final child of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg. He had four elder sisters, Margarita, Theodora, Cecilie and Sophie.

In 1939, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth toured the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth. It was during this tour, that Earl Mountbatten asked a young, strapping Philip to escort the King’s two daughters Princess Elizabeth and younger sister Princess Margaret, Philip’s third cousins through Queen Victoria and second cousins once removed through King Christian IX of Denmark.

Thirteen year old Princess Elizabeth was smitten, and both her and Philip began to exchange letters. In the Summer of 1946, Philip asked the King for his daughters hand in marriage. The pending marriage was granted with stipulations. A formal announcement would have to wait until Elizabeth’s 21st birthday, the following April.  Philip then abandoned his Greek and Danish royal titles, and became a naturalised British citizen. He adopted the surname Mountbatten from his mothers family.

The day preceding his wedding, King George VI bestowed him the Title of His Royal Highness and on the morning of the wedding at Westminister Abbey recorded and broadcast by BBC radio to 200 million people around the globe, he was made the Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron of Greenwich.

The wedding didn’t go off without controversy. In post-war Britain, it was not acceptable for any of the Duke of Edinburgh’s German relations to be invited to the wedding, including Philip’s three surviving sisters, all of whom had married German Princes, some with Nazi connections.

Straight after the honeymoon, Philip returned to the navy.

After the marriage they took up residence at Clarence House, where their first two children were born, Prince Charles (1948) and Princess Anne (1950).

As consort to the Queen, Philip always walking a few paces behind her, supported his wife with her duties as sovereign. Philip knelt before Elizabeth, with her hands enclosing his, and swore to be her “liege man of life and limb”.

It was whilst on tour in Kenya in 1952, Elizabeth’s ailing father passed away and she instantly became Queen. It was Philip her husband who was given the task of breaking the news to her, at Sagana Lodge, and the royal party immediately returned to the UK.

Philip served in WW2 and by age 21, became one of the world’s first Lieutenants in the Royal Navy. He was also involved in the Battle of Crete, and during the invasion of Sicily in 1943, as second in command of HMS Wallace, he saved his ship from a night bomber attack.

Over the years he has donned many hats, whether he is a patron, president or member, he has represented over 800 organizations, particularly focused on the environment, industry, sport and education, and travelled the world extensively with over 600 solo tours.

The Prince is also known for his cheekiness and fun. He was also known to be a ladies man and over the years has been accused of being unfaithful to Her Majesty regularly. Their have even been reports of him fathering children outside of the marriage, though to date, their has been not one shred of viable evidence to support such claims.

In 1981, Prince Philip wrote to his eldest son Prince Charles, counselling him to either propose to Lady Diana Spencer or break off their courtship and find another suitable future Queen. Feeling pressured, he proposed and the two were married six months later and given the titles, Prince and Princess of Wales, even though he loved another already married woman, Camila Parker Bowles.

From the marriage came two beautiful boys, Prince William and Prince Harry. Also from the marriage came infidelity on both sides and by 1992, the marriage to the Prince and Princess of Wales had broken down. The Queen and the Duke held a meeting with both trying to encourage a reconciliation, but without success. The two separated and later divorced.

In the divorce, the Princess was stripped of all titles and this meant she had to go it alone, without the aid of bodyguards for protection. She had many suitors during the next year, and it was whilst with one of those, she was fatally killed in a car crash in Paris in August of 1997.

For five days after the crash, the Queen and Duke shielded their grandsons from the press, keeping them behind closed doors at Balmoral so they could grieve in private. To the publics dismay, they saw both the Queen and the Duke as completely heartless. Why wasnt their head of state saying anything? Why wasn’t she grieving with her loyal subjects? It was an outpouring of hostility directed at the Royals that forced the Queen to address the situation in a live broadcast on 5th September.

After the funeral, Mohamed Fayed, who also lost his son Dodi who it is believed was having a romantic relationship with Diana at the time, made claims that Prince Philip ordered the death of Diana after finding out she was pregnant and that the accident was staged. This claim was later investigated and there was no evidence to support any type of conspiracy. The coroner said the only evidence that Diana was pregnant, had come from Mr Al Fayed himself.

The Harrods tycoon has claimed that the fatal crash in a Paris tunnel was orchestrated by MI6 agents acting on orders from Prince Philip to prevent the couple marrying and having a Muslim baby.

In summing up the six month hearing into Diana’s death, Lord Justice Scott Baker, told the jury, there is no evidence that the Duke of Edinburgh order Diana’s execution, and there is no evidence that the secret intelligence service or any other government agency organised it.

There are not many men who can still fit into the suit they wore on their wedding day, but it is a measure of the Duke of Edinburgh’s astonishing good health and vitality that he can make such a bold claim.

Like any person his age the Duke has of course had the occasional health scare, but their rarity has only served to highlight his general fitness and longevity. Prince Philip appears to be in remarkably good shape for a man of 96, and his secret appears to be deceptively simple, regular exercise, a moderate diet, and good dose of sheer will power to carry on.

Those who know Prince Philip say he works at keeping fit and, in a reflection of his days serving in the Royal Navy, has remained determined never to let himself go.

The Duke prefers to walk and take the stairs wherever he can, and can still be seen behind the rains of a horse carriage in the grounds of Windsor Great Park.

In May 2014, the Duke had a “minor procedure” carried out on his right hand at Buckingham Palace and in June the previous year he spent two months convalescing after an exploratory operation on his abdomen.

In December 2011 he was fitted with a heart stent and has twice been treated for bladder infections, including during the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee weekend in June 2012, when he fell ill after having to stand in the cold on a barge during the Thames pageant.

On leaving hospital, the day before his 91st birthday, the Prince Philip was asked if he was feeling better. He replied, in characteristic style: “Well, I wouldn’t be coming out if I wasn’t.”

Like all families, both Her Majesty and the Duke have gone through the full range of pleasures, and tribulations in bringing up their children. And being somewhat bias, I have to say I think they have done a splendid job, considering their sometimes difficult and demanding circumstances.

I’m sure we all wish The Duke well in his retirement, though I’m sure this isn’t the last we’ll be seeing of the dashing Prince.


CYBER BULLYING ( It’s a human disgrace)

Whether bullying is verbal, physical, or done online, aggressive, threatening, or deliberately hurtful behavior is an unfortunate but very real problem that can happen in anywhere, anytime.

People have been researching bullying for decades. Advanced technology means that bullying is no longer limited to schoolyards, street corners, bus/tram stops. Cyber bullying can occur anywhere, any time, at home, via email, text messages, cell phones, chat rooms, Facebook and various social media platforms.

For any person being bullied, the side effects can be devastating, possibly leaving a person feeling hurt, humiliated, isolated, helpless, angry, depressed or even worse, suicidal. No type of bullying should ever be tolerated.

Research shows, that most cyber bullying can be done anonymously, so to the person being bullied, there is no clarity as to who is targeting you. This can be more scary for the receiver of the taunt, while it emboldens the bully as they believe online anonymity means they are less likely to get caught.

Since the cyber bully can’t see your reaction or facial expression, research has shown that they often go that step further in their harassment or ridicule than they would if you were face to face.

Sadly, cyber bullying can be and often is witnessed by potentially hundreds if not thousands of people. Posts can be forwarded on and on and on reaching an audience beyond belief.

As a parent, what can you do to protect your child?

Children who are victims of cyber bullying may be reluctant to tell anyone about what is going on. But parents can look for signs such as refusing to go to school, sudden drop in school performance, becoming reserved, more teary, being very secretive, and so on.

Firstly if your child is being targeted it’s important not to respond, no matter how hurtful the post is. Responding will only make the situation worse, and provoking a reaction from you is exactly what they want, so don’t give them a stage.

It’s very important that your child doesn’t seek revenge on the cyber bully by becoming one themselves. It might escalate the problem, and could result in serious legal consequences for you, depending on law enforcement in your local area.

Save the evidence. Take a screenshot of the evidence and don’t forget to make sure the name of the person, their webpage, their email address, facebook profile name is clearly displayed.

Cyber Bullying is rarely limited to one or two incidents so if the bullying is getting out of hand or on going, its time to report it to the cyber police in your local area. You can do this through your local police station.

Bullies can be blocked of course, but if they are going to go to all the trouble to create a fake profile, chances are they will just return under another name, so that is why it is better to let them “post away” and not react online. It’s a police matter so let them deal with it. They will guide you into what needs to be done to achieve a positive outcome for you and your family.

Try a bit of reverse psychology with your child. Let them know that the cyber bully may come from a broken home, drug afflicted home, they clearly are frustrated, full of hate and anger, probably have no friends, and that no matter what the cyber bully says or does, it is them with the problem, not your child. It is also important that you reinforce in your child that it is not their fault.

Above all, you must keep the line of communication open with your child. You want them to feel that they can come to you in the event of such harassment. Show understanding, show empathy, show that you are supporting them, it is vitally important that they know they can come to you with any concerns when it comes to any form of bullying.

Don’t let your child dwell on it or allow them to read the posts over and over. Print off a copy and then delete them from the computer immediately.

The most important thing is limit your child’s access to such media platforms. Allow perhaps only and hour a day on the computer after school and on weekends. Remember the old saying, children should be seen but not heard. For years playing outside worked just fine for us, so get those kids outside again. Nothing beats fresh air.

Finally, make sure you have total access to your child’s password and check their account settings. Restrict who can and cant talk with them. If you know they have been on their computer, check what they are surfing, who they are talking too. You are the parent after all and should take a strong interest in who your child is interacting with. If your child has a problem with it, then they probably shouldn’t own a phone or computer in the first place.

Many may feel these tips may make your child feel like they are part of a home prison system. Well, better that, than dead. It’s to late to do anything or say I told you so when your child takes their own life. Or they end up running off with some sexual predator. They grow up so fast, so before you know it, they will have total control over who and what they do anyway.  Just remember whilst under your roof, their are rules and guidelines that must be adhered to, and you as the parent must set out those guidelines. It’s the responsible thing to do.

As a parent don’t feel bad about snooping on your children. It’s the total opposite. Your children should feel lucky to have a parent who cares and loves them enough to snoop. Regardless of how much your child resents it, you can only protect him or her by monitoring what they do online.

Monitoring your Childs technology use

  • Keep the computer in a busy area of your house so you can easily monitor its use, rather than allowing your child use a laptop or tablet in his or her bedroom, for example.
  • Limit data access to your child’s smart phone if he or she uses it to surf the web. Some wireless providers allow you to turn off text messaging services during certain hours.
  • Set up filters on your child’s computer. Tracking software can block inappropriate web content and help you check up on your child’s online activities.
  • Insist on knowing your child’s passwords and learn the common acronyms kids use online and in text messages.
  • Know who your child communicates with online. Go over your child’s address book and instant messenger “buddy list” with them. Ask who each person is and how your child knows them.
  • Encourage your child to tell you or another trusted adult if they receive threatening messages or are otherwise targeted by cyber bullies, while reassuring them that doing so will not result in their loss of computer or cell phone privileges.

How do you spot the warning signs of a cyber bully

Your child may be the victim of cyber bullying if he or she:

  • Becomes sad, angry, or distressed during or after using the Internet or cell phone.
  • Appears anxious when receiving a text, IM, or email.
  • Avoids discussions or is secretive about computer or cell phone activities.
  • Withdraws from family, friends, and activities they previously enjoyed.
  • Suffers an unexplained drop in grades.
  • Refuses to go to school or to specific classes, or avoids group activities.
  • Shows changes in mood, behavior, sleep, appetite, or shows signs of depression or anxiety.

How do you deal with incidents involving a cyber bully

  • Don’t reply to any incidents of cyber bullying but do save and document the threats (harassing messages, sexually explicit pictures, or threatening texts, for example) and report them to the police. Seek appropriate legal advice.
  • Report incidents of cyber bullying to the Cyber police, the cell phone company, and to any web site used in the cyber bullying.
  • Block the cyber bully’s email address or cell phone number, or change your child’s email address or phone number.
  • If you are able to identify the cyber bully, you could contact his or her parents or notify your child’s school if the cyber bully is also a student there. Many schools have established protocols for handling cyber bullying but check with your child first as he or she may prefer to resolve the problem privately.
  • Talk to your school about what teachers can do and about effective programs that are being used by schools to deter bullying. If you suspect that your child may be the victim of school bullying, you can tell your child’s teacher about your concerns and ask her to keep an eye out on the interactions between your child and his classmates. Ask the teacher to watch out for problems and notify the school principal about your concerns.

What do you do if your child is the cyber bully?

It can be difficult for any parent to learn that their child is bullying others but it’s important to take steps to end the negative behavior before it has serious and long-term consequences for your child.

If your child has responded to being cyber bullied by employing their own cyber bullying tactics, you can help your child find better ways to deal with the problem. If your child has trouble managing strong emotions such as anger, hurt, or frustration, talk to a therapist about helping your child learn to cope with these feelings in a healthy way.

Here are some tips for dealing with a child who is a cyberbully

As much as parents may want to ignore the distressing idea that their own child may be capable of acting like a bully, the reality is that almost any child can be a bully in certain situations and circumstances.

Nurturing emotional intelligence in kids is one of the most important things parents can do for a child. Empathy and emotional intelligence give children essential life skills for the future. And when children develop empathy, they are less likely to engage in bullying behavior.

Your child may not understand how hurtful and damaging their behavior can be. Foster empathy and awareness by encouraging your child to look at their actions from the victim’s perspective. Remind your child that cyber bullying can have very serious legal consequences.

Teach your child positive ways to manage stress. Your child’s cyber bullying may be an attempt at relieving stress. Or your own stress, anxiety, or worry may be creating an unstable home environment. Exercise, spending time in nature, or playing with a pet are great ways for both kids and adults to let off steam and relieve stress.

Let your child know you’ll be monitoring his or her use of computers, tablets, smartphones, email, and text messaging. If necessary, remove access to technology until behavior improves.

Make sure your child understands your rules and the punishment for breaking them. Children may not think they need discipline, but a lack of boundaries sends a signal that the child is unworthy of the parents’ time, care, and attention.

Read up on cyber bullying in your state or territory

  • Certain types of cyber bullying may violate school codes or breach anti-discrimination and sexual harassment laws.
  • While laws differ around the world, cyber bullying can warrant a misdemeanour, cyber-harassment charge or result in a charge of juvenile delinquency.
  • In some cases, if hacking or password and identity theft is involved, it can be considered a serious criminal matter under state and federal law.
  • In many states “sexting” or forwarding a “sext” (sexual messages) is punishable as is distributing or possessing child pornography.
  • If an adult becomes involved, cyber bullying becomes cyber-harassment or cyber-stalking,a serious criminal offense.

I can give you all the tools to keep your child safe, now it is up to you to enforce them. I hope this article has been of some help.