Closed rhinoplasty is an operation without any external incisions. Such an operation is considered perhaps the most serious of all possible and requires prolonged postoperative observation. The main thing before any surgical intervention is to consult with a qualified specialist who has extensive experience in such operations.
The term “closed rhinoplasty” is often used among plastic surgeons and means the type of surgical intervention. Dr William Mooney explains this technique as correcting and eliminating defects and defects of the nose is considered one of the innovative and has several advantages over open nose surgery.
Closed rhinoplasty surgery is not shown to everyone, and you should keep this in mind. First, the patient needs to carry out all the necessary tests, make an electrocardiogram and have a CT scan of the nose and sinuses to detect any inflammation or infection.
Closed rhinoplasty makes it possible to get rid of many problems with the nose:
- birth defects
- septum curvature
- deformation of the nose as a result of injuries
- large or small nostrils
- lack of normal breathing
- Too long or thick nose, snub-nosed, etc
This operating technique involves incisions in the nasal cavity, as a result of which the surgeon separates the skin of the nose from the cartilage and bones, adjusting or restoring its shape.
Closed rhinoplasty also has significant disadvantages that do not make this method more effective than open surgery:
- many processes are much more difficult to perform technically
- it is not easy to achieve perfect symmetry
- fixation of transplants is extremely difficult
- the installation of some transplants is almost impossible to perform using closed rhinoplasty
Indications for closed rhinoplasty
Rhinoplasty is one of the areas of plastic surgery. The main purpose is to eliminate congenital or acquired defects of the nose. With its help, it is possible to get rid of the problems associated with breathing through the nose, as well as to correct the aesthetic of the nose.
Closed nose rhinoplasty is intended for aesthetic or therapeutic purposes. It is best done in 25–35 years. However, if there is an urgent need for surgery, age restrictions can be lifted.
- Hypertrophy and polyps
- Congenital deformity of the nasal septum
- Absence or difficulty in nasal breathing
- Injuries to the nose
These are the problems associated, and difficulty in breathing through the nose are the main indications for rhinoplasty. They can cause a dangerous phenomenon in children such as chronic oxygen starvation of the brain, which can lead to both mental and physical lag and mental disruption. For this reason, rhinoplasty can be performed on younger patients.
The majority of rhinoplasty accounts for the desire to make your nose more attractive. This procedure, at the moment, is one of the most popular in plastic surgery.
Objective – the nose is too large or small.
Psychological or subjective – the shape of the nose does not suit the patient according to only his criteria of beauty.
There are frequent cases when problems associated with the nose have a significant impact on personal or professional relationships. This can cause such people to feel inferior. Most often, this applies to women.
Contraindications to closed rhinoplasty
Rhinoplasty surgery is a fairly complicated operation, although it does not require a sufficiently long time to carry out. Rhinoplasty involves an operation to change the shape of the nose, as well as to eliminate defects such as curvature of the nasal septum, various post-traumatic injuries.
Contraindications to closed rhinoplasty can be both relative and absolute. Relative indications include, first of all, the patient’s age, he must be at least 18 years old, since, in adolescence, bones and cartilage grow and are subject to structural changes. An exception to reduce age restrictions in such operations is post-traumatic recovery or shortness of breath.
The absolute contraindications for this operation include various diseases of the heart, liver, poor blood coagulation, various infectious diseases, the presence of cancer and congenital malformations. With such indications, surgery for closed rhinoplasty is categorically impossible.
Features of the preoperative period with closed rhinoplasty
Rhinoplasty is a surgical operation to aesthetically change the shape of the nose, congenital defects in its structure, as well as when the nasal septum is displaced, which makes breathing difficult or post-traumatic disorders.
Rhinoplasty can be either open or closed. Closed rhinoplasty is predominant, because there are no scars on the patient’s face, and the healing process is much faster. However, with closed rhinoplasty, the operation is performed with limited visibility and therefore, the qualifications and experience of the operating doctor and all medical personnel are very important here.
Things to consider if you want a rhinoplasty
If you decide to take rhinoplasty yourself, you first need to weigh the pros and cons properly. It is in the preoperative period that important decisions are made; you need to consider all the possible consequences of this operation for your body. First, you need to choose the clinic in which you will be operated on and consult with a specialist.
All doctors practicing rhinoplasty, after examining the patient, design a computer 3D model of the finished result, take photos before the operation and the result already obtained. All details of the changes are discussed with the patient; additional tips and recommendations are given. An operation for rhinoplasty cannot be done at any age; it is completely forbidden in children, except cases of a traumatic nature.
The most successful age for this operation is 18 years. After 40 years, surgery is not recommended, as the skin of the nose after surgery is poorly reduced. Before the operation, it is imperative to take tests and conduct examinations to identify various diseases and infections. An indispensable procedure is computed tomography of the nasal cavity. Only after a full examination and the absence of contraindications for rhinoplasty, the doctor can begin surgery.
Accordingly, there is no evidence of interference. But rehabilitation depends on the characteristics of the patient’s body. Therefore, individual recommendations are always given, taking into account all the nuances.
In any case, the first few days will have to remain in the clinic under the supervision of doctors. Gypsum is sure to be applied, ensuring proper growth and regeneration. Over time, it will be replaced by a bandage.
At the same time, cotton swabs inside the nose will be removed. But the bandage cannot be wet, even while swimming. Therefore, it is advisable to shower with moderately warm water. Avoid exposure to high and low temperatures, as well as visits to saunas, baths. Throughout the entire period of rehabilitation, do not carry out various cosmetic procedures, especially peeling, to the maximum to exclude the application of decorative cosmetics.